Global MEAL wiki
Global MEAL framework
Thematic MEAL frameworks
MEAL tools & Guidance
Global data: our reach and impact
Return to list
|INDICATOR 4: Months of Adequate Household Food Provisioning (MAHFP)|
| Why this indicator? What will it measure and provide information for?
Food access depends on the ability of households to obtain food from their own production, stocks, purchases, gathering, or through food transfers from relatives, members of the community, the government or donors. A household’s access to food also depends on the resources available to individual household members and the steps they must take to obtain those resources, particularly exchange of other goods and services.
This indicator addresses aspects of household resilience, by providing information on the length of hungry seasons. It is especially useful for families relying largely on their own food production. Consider combining this indicator with dietary diversity and either HHS or FCS to understand quantities and diversity at different times of year. Measuring the MAHFP has the advantage of capturing the combined effects of a range of interventions and strategies, such as improved agricultural production, storage, and interventions that can increase the household’s purchasing power.
| What Sustainable Development Goal is the indicator connected to?
* SDG Goal 1
* SDG Goal 2
| Definitions and terms
Household food access: The ability to acquire a sufficient quality and quantity of food to meet all household members’ nutritional requirements for productive lives. This indicator provides a proxy measure of household food access. Over time, the MAHFP indicator can capture changes in the household’s ability to address vulnerability in such a way as to ensure that food is available above a minimum level year round.
| Data and information required to calculate the indicator
* Denominator: the total number of household surveyed
* Numerator: the number of households who are unable to provide adequate food supply throughout the past year to its members
| Suggested method for data collection
* Qualitative methods like FGDs and KIIs should supplement the quantitative data collection to provide a better understanding of the underlying causes of the prevailing situation.
| Possible data sources
* Primary data collection: household survey
* Secondary data
* USAID FANTA project data
* FEWSNET/FAO: IPC data
| Resources needed for data collection
The quantitative and qualitative data collection, storage and analysis should be conducted by CARE and partners. Partners may include research / university partners. Data collection needs to be included in the monitoring and evaluation plan and budgeted for.
| Reporting results for this indicator: number of people for which the change happened
* Reporting Purpose: þBaseline þProgress þ Evaluation
* Percentage of households experiencing one or several food shortage periods over the yearly calendar
| Questions for guiding the analysis and interpretation of data (explaining the how and why the change happened, and how CARE contributed to the change)
* Identify the households that were unable to adequately provide for the household throughout the entire year
* Identify also the households that could adequately provide for the household throughout the entire year
* What is the number of months that the household did not have access to sufficient food to meet its needs?
* What do the numbers look like for the larger district/area? (Counterfactual)
| Other considerations
* The data collection should take place during the period of greatest shortages (e.g. immediately prior to harvest) and subsequent data collection must be done at the same period.
* The data must be collected over a twelve-month recall period, starting with the current month
* The interview should apply to an adult person who has the whole or partial responsibility of food preparation in the households that did have adequate food supply throughout the past year, which should be included in the tabulation of the denominator of the indicator (“total number of households”) or the level of food insecurity will be overestimated.
* FGDs can provide qualitative verification, especially in regards to other external factors (pests and diseases, insecurity, inputs’ market instability, etc.) which could have affected the food availability/access.